Who was Xerxes I? Short biograhpy. Xerxes I history, pictures and videos. Xerxes I facts, birthday and Life Story…
Xerxes I (5th century BC) – Persian king (486^465 BC)
Son of Darius I, Xerxes determined to carry on the struggle against the rebellious (as he regarded them) Greeks. In 483 he led another huge Persian expeditionary force against Athens. To get to the mainland of European Greece, he constructed a huge bridge across the Hellespont, made of ships tied together side by side in a long row. Then he marched his armies across it and took them through Thrace and Macedonia. He defeated the Greeks under Leonidas of Sparta (p. 15) at Thermopylae, but his navy was almost destroyed at Salamis (480).
Xerxes left for Persia and put the army under the command of his leading general, Mardonius, who, the next year (479) was defeated and killed at Plataea. Xerxes lost interest in the war and resigned himself to bad living, neglecting the government. Eventually, his captain of the guard, Artabanes, murdered him.