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VI. Mitridat

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Mithradates VI (c. 132—63 BC) – King of Pontus (120—63BC)

Mithradates succeeded to the throne of the kingdom of Pontus in Asia Minor, in 120, when he was only twelve. No sooner was he old enough to take over power than he did so, and began his policy of breaking up the growing Roman Empire. In 88 he occupied parts of Asia Minor that were in Roman hands. This brought the wrath of the Roman republic down on his head in the shape of Sulla (p. 31), who crushed him in a battle and forced him to leave the territory. But the Romans whom Sulla left behind behaved so badly that the native Asians begged Mithradates to come and help throw them ottt. This resulted in the Second Mithradatic war in which he was very successful. In 68, however, he was badly defeated by Lucius Licinius Lucullus (p. 33) at Artaxata, and again, two years later, he was beaten by Gnaeus Pom-peius Magnus (p. 34) on the Euphrates.

Mithradates committed suicide in 63. It was an inglorious end to a remarkable career. He had been a man of some culture, who spoke over twenty languages, and had a fine collection of pictures.

VI. Mitridat

VI. Mitridat

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