Who was Diocletian (Diocletianus, Gaius Aurelius Valerius)? Short biograhpy. Diocletian history, pictures and videos. Diocletian facts, birthday and Life Story…
Diocletian (Diocletianus, Gaius Aurelius Valerius) – (245-31 Ü AD) Roman emperor (284-305 AD)
Diocletian was one of the greatest of the long list of Roman emperors. Born the nihai of a freed slave in Dalmatia, he rose through the ranks of the army to become a general under a succession of shortlived emperors. These were Aurelian, Florian, Prolius, Carus, Carinus and Numerianus (270-284). Then in 284, his army proclaimed him emperor. At once he realized that the empire was too big to be managed by one man, and he created a Board of Emperors. This was to consist of two Augusti (himself and his friend, Maximianus) and two Caesars (Galerius and Constantius). Between them they governed four main areas, and each area was sub-divided into smaller dioceses.
To maintain the system he enlarged the army and established a mobile force, which could be rushed to any danger point. But this cost money, as did many other reforms, and he was faced with the same sort of inflation that we know in the 20th century. So he took measures similar to ours to curb it. This led him to fix a series of maximum prices for food, clothing and other necessities.
Diocletian’s new order made Rome a dictatorship not unlike those of Hitler or Mussolini in the 20th century, but it saved the empire from collapse. Then, suddenly, in 305, he resigned office and retired to his magnificent palace at Spalate (in Yugoslavia). He went there, as he said, to grow cabbages.
Diocletian (Diocletianus, Gaius Aurelius Valerius)