Who was Cleopatra? Short biograhpy. Cleopatra history, pictures and videos. Cleopatra facts, birthday and Life Story…
Cleopatra (c.69-30 BC) – Queen of Egypt (51-30 BC)
Cleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XI of Egypt. She succeeded as queen in 51, sharing the throne with her brother, Ptolemy XIII. She has been described as beautiful, but from known portraits it is clear that she was not. Men were more attracted by her strong and lively personality and her wits.
She and her brother quarrelled incessantly and eventually he drove her out of Egypt. At this time, Egypt was a kingdom under Roman protection and was a main source of grain for the Roman people. Caesar came to Egypt after the defeat of Pompey at Pharsalus in 48 and arrived to find the civil war still going on. Cleopatra was trying to make a comeback and she had herself smuggled into
Caesar’s presence, rolled up in a carpet, it was said, so that she could appeal to him for help in her cause. She won him over, whether by her charms or by the obvious logic that she would be a better ruler than her brother, one cannot say. Caesar helped her to defeat Ptolemy, who was drowned at the end of a battle.
Cleopatra ruled for some years. In about 40, her kingdom was part of the allotment of the empire given to Mark Antony (p. 39) when he, Octavian and Lepidus shared the Roman world after the murder of Julius Caesar. Cleopatra and Antony became lovers. Their liaison caused him to lose favour in Rome.
Antony was eventually defeated by Octavian at Actium in 31 and committed suicide. When Cleopatra heard, she poisoned herself.