Who was Callinicus? Short biograhpy. Callinicus history, pictures and videos. Callinicus facts, birthday and Life Story…
Callinicus – (7th century AD) – Egyptian born scientist
Callinicus was an Egyptian architect and scientist who was born at Heliopolis. He invented Greek Fire, a devastating weapon which enabled the Byzantines to ward off their enemies for a century or more. And it was as well that he did so in the middle of the seventh century, for this invention came just at the time that the followers of the prophet Mohammed, led by Abu-Bakr, began to overrun the Eastern Mediterranean. In the space of a few years Persia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt had all fallen.
Callinicus’ invention was a chemical liquid like naphtha, which could be enclosed in a case of stone or metal. This would explode when the case was discharged at an enemy target, creating the same sort of burning that follows the use of napalm today. It was particularly effective when used by the Byzantines against Arab ships.