Who was Aristotle? Short biograhpy. Aristotle history, pictures and videos. Aristotle facts, birthday and Life Story…
Aristotle (384-322 BC) – Greek philosopher
Aristotle’s father was a doctor at the court of Philip II of Macedon. When Aristotle was about 17, he left home and set off for Athens, where he wanted to study philosophy under the great Plato (p. 20). He stayed in Athens for twenty years, studied all manner of subjects including biology, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy, and he also taught pupils. Then, in 342 he was invited back to Macedon to become tutor to young Alexander, Philip’s son. Aristotle taught Alexander for about five years, and he inspired the young prince with his enthusiasm for wisdom and for the free expression of ideas. In 336 Alexander became king and his tutor went back to Athens. There he opened his own school of philosophy. The students used to walk about under trees, discussing this or that philosophical argument, and this led them to become known as the Peripatetics, for peripateting means walking around, in Greek.
Aristotle’s basic thinking was about how to solve the problems that men actually came across in their lives. Plato, on the other hand, had been much more concerned with what man’s life ought to be like. Thus, Aristotle was like a modern scientist; he looked at facts and tried to work out new ideas from those facts. This gave rise to the science of logic, or rules of reasoning. Aristotle had a profound influence upon mediaeval writers and scholars, and he is still an important influence to-day.